How Do You Treat Sciatica at Home?

Man's Hand On Lower Back With Medical Picture of Spine on Side

Learn More About Sciatica

Sciatica is a type of pain in the body that affects the back, hip and outer side of the leg which is caused by a compression of the spinal nerve on the lower back. This can be caused by a degeneration of the intervertebral disk, herniated disk or bone spur in the spine that presses on the nerve. The pain will start in the spine and then radiate down to the back of the leg and usually only affects one side of the body. Sciatica pain best treatment can differ depending on the type of sciatica condition you have. While some remedies can be limited to physical therapy some may require more in-depth remedies. As with blind repair seek the help of a professional for more information about what would be most relevant sciatica pain relief for your condition.

What triggers sciatica?

Sciatica is caused by irritation in the roots of the lower lumbosacral spine and lumbar.  It’s usually triggered when there is something that puts pressure of the sciatic nerve which runs from the lower back down to the legs and feet. The trigger can be a bone spur or herniated disk which can happen with an injury or naturally through aging. Bone spurs are also known as osteophytes which are smooth and hard bumps that form on the ends of bones often in joints. As far as a herniated disk, the spine is made of 33 vertebrae bones that are cushioned together with soft jelly-like disks. This separation and cushion allow for various movements with the spine which allows us to bend over and turn. However, when a disk between two vertebrae starts slipping it can irritate surrounding nerves which can cause a range of pain. When this happens a disk can alternatively be determined as herniated, ruptured or slipped. With lumbar spinal stenosis, there is a narrowing of the spinal canal on the lower back while with degenerative disc disease there is a breakdown of the discs over time.

What is sciatica pain treatment?

Sciatica pain relief or treatment can range from medication, muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs,) physical therapy, self-care and in rare cases surgery.

What happens if sciatica is left untreated?

Most people can fully recover from sciatica with proper measures, yet if left untreated you can cause permanent nerve damage as well as weakness in the affected leg. If you are losing feeling in the affected leg it’s important to seek immediate medical attention. With nerve damage, medical treatment is essential as the pain on the back and legs would only get worse through time with pain medication no longer being effective in some cases. In extreme cases losing the feeling in the affected leg can affect mobility. In rare cases, there can also be a loss of bladder control since the part of the spinal cord that controls the bladder could be impacted.

What can make sciatica worse?

Certain positions and posturing of the body can worsen the pain. With a herniated disc you can generally feel more of the pain when sitting. Heavy lifting can make the pain worse as well as it strains muscles. Coughing, in turn, can cause some of this jelly to leak out which lessons the cushion and therefore worsens the pain.

What helps sciatica pain relief?

What may help with temporary sciatica pain relief can be hot or cold packs on the lower back.  In the sciatica pain relief, rest or exercise debate a combination of both is healthy. When a flare-up occurs its’s recommended to rest for a couple of days but too much inactivity can be detrimental. Exercising regularly can maintain strength in the back, it’s important not to bend over to lift heavy objects, however. Another thing that helps is maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle. Good posture is essential both when sitting and standing, just be sure to not stand for long periods of time and wear cushioned or supportive shoes.

Yoga Class of Multi-Ethnic Girls Doing Half-Pigeon Pose With Instructor Indoors

Types of Sciatica Exercises

  • Aerobic Exercises
  • Emphasis on Building Core Muscle Strength
  • Standing Hamstring Stretch
  • Knee to Opposite Shoulder
  • Forward Pigeon Pose
  • Sitting Pigeon Pose
  • Sitting Spinal Stretch
  • Streclining Pigeon Pose

What triggers sciatic nerve pain?

Sciatic nerve pain can be triggered by many things as your spine is what centers you and holds you up. For ladies or gents any high heels or shoes that aren’t cushioned can trigger your sciatic nerve. With heels, it pitches your body forward and forces you to flex forward at your hips in order to stay balanced. This, in turn, moves the pelvis and stretches the hamstring muscles along the sciatic nerve which can cause irritation. Without cushioned insoles, the impact of your steps can impact your legs, hips, and back. Other stressors can be having things in your back pocket that can aggravate the piriformis muscle. Stress itself lowers oxygen to the nerves in the lower back which can cause muscle tension. As far as clothes, tight-fitting ones or those with tight elastic bands can place pressure of the sciatic nerve which can trigger a flare-up. Finally, excessive weight can add pressure to your sciatic nerve so it’s best to keep weight in control to avoid nerve damage.

What causes sciatica to flare up?

Sciatica can be either acute or chronic with differing periods of flare-up times. With acute sciatica, you may have a flare-up last for one to two weeks which could, in turn, lead to more severe pain or even chronic conditions. It’s important when a flareup occurs to rest for a couple of days. However, too long of rest can make symptoms worse as long periods of inactivity can be detrimental. 

When you need help with sciatica pain relief in Chambersburg, PA call __PHONE__ with Madeira Chiropractic & Rehabilitation!