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The Most Common Injuries in Sports

female runner holding her ankle

Identifying Common Injuries

Football and hockey seasons are upon us, and baseball is wrapping up. With each of these sports and other sports, there are always many common and frequent sports injuries. What are the types of injury in sports and what is the most common sports injury? Are there any really unusual sports injuries, or ones unusual in the way the injury occurred?

Here, we list seven of the most common sports injuries: 

  • Strains: The most common and the most usually-seen sports-related injury. When you play sports, you’re using many different muscles and tendons, and that constant moving of parts makes them susceptible to pulling and stretching of them farther than they were meant to be moved. Some common areas that are strained are the groin, hamstrings, and quads. 
  • Sprains: Common with ligaments, tissue that connects the bones to each other. When ligaments are turned wrong, they pull away from the bone or tear apart. The ankle is the most common and frequent sprain. Other sprains that are popular as well are the elbow, knee, and wrist. One of the most unusual sports injuries regarding a sprain was baseball player Sammy Sosa sneezing and spraining a back ligament. Yes, you can sneeze that hard!
  • Knee Injuries: The knee is a very complicated part of the body. This joint endures a lot of impacts constantly and during the majority of sports, it endures a lot of wear and tear.  Injuries often include sprains and strains, but because the knee is injured so often, it has its own classification. A common knee sports injury is the ACL (anterior cruciate ligament), along with cartilage tears, dislocated knees, and fractured knees. 
  • Fractures: Any contact sport or impact sport can leave the human body susceptible to bone fractures, especially the arms, feet, and legs. These are painful sports injuries that can take weeks of being immobile in order for the fracture to heal. Some fractures require surgery, which lengthens the healing time.  Fractures happen from unusual sports injuries too, and not just on the field!  Blake Griffin’s hand was broken when he punched a team employee. Another unusual sports injury was when Geno Smith’s jaw was broken by the fist of a teammate. The injuries aren’t unusual, it’s just how they happened that was an attention-grab for the media. 
  • Tennis Elbow: No, you don’t have to be a tennis player to get tennis elbow. In fact, golfers often suffer from tennis elbow too because they strain the same ligaments over and over. Tennis elbow is the result of overusing muscles in a repetitive motion. 
  • Plantar Fasciitis and Shin Splints: These are two different types of sports injuries but are caused by the same activity: repetition of overusing the feet and legs with poor support. Plantar fasciitis is when a tendon is inflamed in the arch of the foot. Shin splints are a muscle inflammation in the lower leg. 
  • Back Injury and Back Pain: The back and the spine are under constant stress without sports. The stress accumulates and inflames the back muscles and vertebrae, causing disc injuries and lower and upper back pain.  A sudden jarring impact can cause acute back injury – even crossing the street can cause back injury, as happened with Brent Mayne, the MLB catcher. He suffered back spasms after looking both ways as he crossed a street. Talk about unusual sports injuries! 

Can a sports injury cause brain damage?

Absolutely, especially in younger children and teens whose brains aren’t fully developed yet. In fact, brain damage and concussions are in the top 10 sports injuries, and not just in football. It is because of the brain damage and injuries suffered in all sports with the younger children and teens that sports injury prevention is especially important.

A sports-related TBI (traumatic brain injury) is a serious matter and can often lead to permanent paralysis, or even death. A sports injury resulting in a TBI is typically the result of a hard impact or physical contact with either another player or a stationary object. The sports where TBI is most likely to happen are: 

  • Auto Racing
  • Boxing
  • Cycling
  • Equestrian
  • Gridiron Football
  • Field Hockey
  • Ice Hockey
  • Lacrosse
  • Martial Arts
  • Roller Blading
  • Rugby
  • Skateboarding
  • Skiing 
  • Snowboarding
  • Soccer
  • Wrestling

What are the signs and symptoms of sports injury?

Not every accidental or intentional hit will result in a sports injury. And then there are times that paralysis or death can result from a sports accident or injury like happened with Dale Earnhardt. As a professional race car driver, he had been in accidents with other cars, even hitting the wall in what looked as if it may have had a deadly outcome, but he walked away. The one wall hit he had that looked like he should have walked away from might be one of NASCAR’S most unusual sports injuries on record. 

Other unusual sports injuries that resulted in death would include professional Bull Rider Lane Frost, or the career-ending broken leg in which Lawrence Taylor tackled him. It left Theismann with a fractured fibula and tibia, leading to insufficient bone growth, resulting in one leg being shorter than the other. If not one of the most unusual sports injuries, it is definitely one of the most disturbing seen on national television.

Next to obvious injuries, other indicators that can be used when asking “How do you diagnose a sports injury?” are: 

  • Sudden pain and severity
  • Swelling
  • Can’t put weight on an ankle, foot, leg, or knee
  • A tender arm, elbow, finger, hand, or wrist
  • Inability to move a joint
  • Extreme weakness in an arm or leg
  • A bone or joint out of place

What are the criteria for a sports injury?

The criteria for basic sports injuries or unusual sports injuries are basically the same: using heat and ice. Proper usage of these two is necessary in order to get the maximum benefit. 

  • Ice will decrease the blood flow, lower the tissue temperature, and ease inflammation, pain, and swelling. It should not be used more than 15 minutes at a time every three to four hours for the first 24 to 48 hours.  
  • Heat increases blood flow and tissue temperature while decreasing pain. Heat is recommended before exercising as a warm-up routine. A chronic injury can benefit from heat before any stretching is started, but should not be applied to an acute injury right away. Heat should not be applied to any sports injury that causes redness, swelling, or warmth of the skin. 
woman in sportswear having knee problems

And Last At Bat 

When an athlete (or non-athlete) suffers a sports injury, where to go for a sports injury can depend on the immediate severity. For a broken bone or bleeding that can’t be stopped, go straight to an emergency room or urgent care. Once the injury is contained and supported at the emergency level, you’ll need to follow up with an orthopedic doctor that specializes in sports injuries. Got any more questions about sports injuries? Experiencing unusual sports injuries in Chambersburg, PA for yourself? Reach out to our team at __PHONE__ to start the healing process. 

How to Avoid Athletic Injury

Runner holding onto injured ankle.

Understanding Athletic Injuries

When you’re an athlete, an athletic injury is the last thing you want but something you’ll probably experience at some point. What is important is to realize you have an athletic injury and to find a trusted professional that knows how to treat athletic injuries. Ignoring your injury is the worst thing you can do for yourself and your athletic future. 

There are several types of athletic injuries an athlete can experience, and some are more severe than others – even crippling. With a minor athletic injury, athletic tape for injury is sufficient. But before you determine just wrapping tape around it will cure it all, you should get professional attention to be sure. An athletic injury may seem minor on the surface, but deep inside, there can be severe damage. 

Signs of Athletic Injury

Let’s look at an athletic injury of the knee for example. The knee is perhaps the most often injured part of an athlete’s body, especially if their sport of choice involves jumping or running, which most do. The frequency of this athletic injury, if not properly cared for and healed, can lead to chronic knee problems later in life, including arthritis, at an early age.

For children and teens, it is a parent’s duty and coach’s responsibility to watch for any signs or symptoms of a child experiencing knee injury. For the adult athlete, it is up to you, your coaches, and a team trainer to know these signs or symptoms of athletic injury of the knees: 

  • Bruising
  • Difficulty bending
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Stiffness
  • Inability to bear weight 

It is important to note these signs and symptoms aren’t always immediately apparent. This is why when a child or an adult has complained about these issues later, even after a rest period, it is still important to have the knee checked out by an athletic injury professional. 

What is the most common knee injury in sports? 

There are three all-too-common athletic injuries to the knees. Note that they are not necessarily listed in any specific order:

  • Fractures: This is a break in a bone caused by great pressure placed on the bone. For a young athlete, this injury is extremely risky because their bones are still growing. If the fracture is in the growth plate, the bone could quit growing or grow improperly. 
  • Overuse Injury: Today, games and practices are a year-round thing, making athletic injuries more common with athletes overusing their bodies, resulting in athletic injury. 

A bump on the lower part of the knee is an inflammation of the patellar ligament, known as Osgood-Schlatter disease. This is commonly discovered in growing adolescents because their bones are in a rapid growth mode. This disease requires the athlete to rest their knee and modify their activity in order for it to heal. 

Another athletic injury of the knee is the Sindig-Larsen-Johansson disease. This knee injury is characterized by growth plate irritation from repeated stress. Usually a few weeks of rest will heal this athletic injury. 

For runners, a common athletic injury is Patellofemoral pain syndrome. This develops from repetitive bending and straightening while running, resulting in overuse. 

  • Cartilage and Ligament Injuries: This is a common athletic injury at any age, but is even more common in younger athletes as their bodies aren’t fully formed. A torn ACL occurs when the anterior cruciate ligament or the MCL (medial collateral ligament) tears during physical collision on the field, a hard landing, or forceful twisting. Conservative treatment for a sprained ligament is normal, however, and actual tear will usually require surgery. 

How does injury affect sports performance?

The long-term consequences of an athletic injury can develop and extend years later for an athlete. Some examples are: 

  • Cognitive Decline

A concussion happens when a person is hit in the head, causing a traumatic brain injury as the brain is slammed against the skull. It is a common contact sport athletic injury found in boxing, football, and hockey. The results may show up immediately or even 30 years into the future. 

  • Torn Ligaments

This athletic injury is certain to result in arthritis as the athlete ages and as the protective cartilage cushioning the bones is worn down, allowing the bones to rub together. The results are difficulty in moving, pain, and swelling of the joints. 

  • Bone Deformity

Athletic injury in a child athlete that affects the bones can also affect their growth, especially if the growth plate is injured, resulting in bone deformity. 

Woman running on a trail with the sun shining on her.

In Closing 

Are athletic injury and sport behavior related? Medical and mental experts will tell you yes, that an athletic injury affects an athlete in many different ways. It is common for an athlete suffering from an athletic injury to experience anger, depression, low self-esteem, and tension. 

This mood disturbance can affect the healing of their athletic injury and performance once they are healed and released to return to their normal activities. It is possible they will not be able to return to their same position or even their sport of choice. For more information or help recovering from athletic injury in Chambersburg, PA , contact Madeira Chiropractic & Rehabilitation at __PHONE__.

How physical therapy helps

young lady going through physical therapy

How often have you heard somebody say they are going through physical therapy?

Seems to be a pretty common thing these days, but have you ever wondered to yourself what exactly is that physical therapy can do? Do you have to go to a physical therapy office, or can you do physical therapy at home? 

We’re going to use this article to talk about physical therapy and answer some common physical therapy questions. Maybe you could benefit from physical therapy? Read on and let’s find out! First, let’s discuss how physical therapy works, it may not be what you think. 

It can make you nervous seeing a medical professional of any type, but when you aren’t sure what you should expect, it can make you even more nervous. Especially if you aren’t clear on how it will help! 

Your physical therapy appointment will be with an educated, licensed professional, a physical therapist. They will discuss why you’re there, what your difficulties and pains are, and if it is keeping your from performing everyday tasks.  They’ll ask if your injury is from an accident or sports injury, are you recovering from an illness or surgery, etc. 

The answers to their questions will help the determine the best type of therapy and tailor a plan to your specific situation. The goal is to not only ease your pain, but help you get your body healed and strong again. Physical therapy sessions are made of three elements: 

  • Assess and exam.
  • Diagnose.
  • Create and implement a treatment plan.

Throughout your physical therapy, the therapist will review these elements to determine if your treatment is making any improvements. 

Is physical therapy like personal training?

Yes and no. Both of these professions share the commitment to help patients improve their health and well-being with physical activity. However, that is where the similarities stop. The differences in each professional are distinct in these areas:

  • Educational requirements 
  • Licensing requirements
  • Work environment
  • Scope of practice
  • A physical therapist has a 4 year undergraduate degree followed by 3 years in physical therapy school, then pass an arduous exam to become state board licensed as a health care professional. They gain a strong foundation of knowledge of the body’s anatomy and physiology and learn how to address specific injuries in order to fix injured tissues with specific techniques. A physical therapist is an educated expert in the evaluating and treating musculoskeletal injuries.
  • A personal trainer is educated on how to improve a person’s flexibility, strength, and overall fitness. They may choose to become specialized in improving a person’s athletic abilities and performance, but they are not required to have any specific education level or meet any licensing requirements. A personal trainer will usually be degreed in exercise physiology or similar field. Most personal trainers have certification from National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM), American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) or the American Council on Exercise (ACE). 

What is the difference between physical therapy and physiotherapy?

Nothing, they are the same thing with the only difference being a regional difference. What we mean by that is it depends on what part of the world you live will determine if your taking physical therapy and physiotherapy.  

Here in Pennsylvania and all through this country, it is referred to a Physical Therapy. However, in Australia, Canada, and Europe is typically referred to as physiotherapy. 

It is the opinion of many health practitioners that physiotherapy is manual therapy, a hands-on therapy with the goal of improving a patient’s injury with fascial release, joint mobilizations, soft tissue release, stretching. This is a difference in opinion of the approach being an exercise-based method that provides a patient instructions on exercises that improve balance, sharpen coordination, and strengthen muscles.

Both physical therapy and physiotherapy require a level of medical background with a focus on preventing injury, improving flexibility, and managing acute pain. Both treat patients that are suffering from an injury, primarily for back and neck pain, injuries caused by accidents or sports, joint immobility, and other issues like carpal tunnel syndrome. 

therapist assisting in exercise

What or who decides when to stop physical therapy?

Soft tissue typically takes between 6 week and 8 weeks to health. There are injuries that can take longer and some that will heal quicker. A patient with a serious or a progressively worsening condition will take a longer period of time.

It is generally recommended that a patient reaches the physical therapy goals that were determined during initial visit with the physical therapist or until the therapist suggest the patient needs their condition re-evaluated. 

A patient that heals rapidly, gaining their range of motion and getting stronger faster, with ability to control their pain without medication with only a few sessions may be released form physical therapy in the clinic and given a routine of physical therapy exercises to do at home. 

Yes, there are exercises and routine for physical therapy you can do at home. Often part of physical therapy will require the patient do some of the exercises at home in between their sessions. This is to help speed up recovery, but caution is needed not to over work the muscles and tissues.  Call (717) 263-8919 today for your physical therapy needs in Chambersburg, PA.

What do orthotics do?

winter shoes with custom orthotics

Do Orthotics really work?

Custom orthotics are made from a thin piece of foam that is inserted into shoes. Sometimes made of gel other materials, this placement changes the angles how the feet contact the walking surface. These are used by chiropractors and podiatrist to alter a person’s walking pattern. There are two orthotic types: 

  • Functional Orthotics: Controls joint movement with levers, aka posts or wedges, at the underside of orthosis shell to deviate reactive forces from the ground through altered and neutral joint position. These custom orthotics are prescribed for a person experiencing lower back pain that is caused by different leg length.  
  • Accommodative orthotics: These custom orthotics for plantar fasciitis are designed to correct foot issues by reducing peak pressure areas and dynamic friction on the foot’s bottom surface by offloading pressure points that will distribute weight evenly across a patients plantar. 

Orthotics are available over-the-counter in a variety of sizes and types. They are intended to help with various types of foot, heel, or other minor pains. One example would be arch supports to help a person with flat fee or overarched feet.  

Then there are custom orthotics, or prescription ordered. When the OTC orthotics aren’t working, turn to a doctor for help and they will likely prescribe custom orthotics after examining and assessing a patient’s complaint. 

Like any prescribed medication or treatment, the prescribing doctor’s directions must be followed in order for the custom orthotics to work. Wearing OTC or custom orthotics can provide help in these reasons: 

  • Preventing calluses, corns, or foot ulcers
  • Added foot support for a patient with balance issues 

How do I know if I need orthotics?

Not everyone has perfect feet, meaning OTC or custom orthotics can help a lot of people. If you have any of the following, you should ask yourself, “What orthotics do I need?”. If you aren’t able to determine this from the OTC selections at your local drug store, schedule an appointment with your primary care doctor. They may in turn refer you to a podiatrist if the feel the situation warrants the attention of a specialist. The five common signs that OTC or custom orthotics are needed: 

  1. You’re on your feet 5 hours or more each day – Standing for long periods of time can cause plantar fasciitis. This is an overuse to the plantar fascia that can injure the ligament extending from the  heel to the toes on the sole of the foot. Custom orthotics will provide relief from that stress. 
  2. Your Shoes Wear Out – Check your shoe’s tread and if the sole is worn down unevenly, you may need  custom orthotics for overpronation to correct your feet from rolling inward or turning outward.  
  3. You Have Arch Issues –  When a patient has high or low arches, the everyday footwear doesn’t provide the needed support. OTC or custom orthotics will provide that support. 
  4. Severe Pain in the Foot or Heel – Most of us will blame any foot or heel pain on our shoes, when in fact some may be suffering from  plantar fasciitis.
  5. Lower Limb Injury – Any recent ankle, hip, lip, or knee injury can affect foot pressure and affect how you walk. Custom orthotics can help correct your walk.

Will I have to wear orthotics forever?

Not necessarily, it depends on the patient and the problem that is being corrected. It also will depend on the patient following the doctor’s instructions for wearing the OTC or custom orthotics. You will have to ‘wean’ off wearing them, and your doctor will provide you the routine and schedule for easing your time without them. The average time of weaning off custom orthotics is between two week and four weeks. Again, following the doctor’s instructions will make the difference. 

Are custom orthotics worth it?

What works for your co-worker may not work for you and vice versa. This is what has created a number of different solutions beyond OTC orthotics and created a custom orthotics market. Everyone has different body weight and shape, stand, and walk differently, and that tells us that pain and the cure for the pain aren’t going to be generic. If OTC orthotics isn’t working for you like it did your co-worker, see your primary care doctor. After examination, they may refer you to a podiatrist for more detailed help. 

person walking with the help of orthotics

How long should orthotics last?

This can vary depending upon how much the person wearing them is on their feet, how much they walk and how they walk or stand.  The average lifespan of typical custom orthotics is between two years to three years. 

When orthotics hurt, you may think they aren’t worth the expense. However, it could be any of the following causing the discomfort and pain: 

  • You have ill-fitted orthotics
  • Your orthotics need replacing 
  • You are wearing improper footwear for your orthotics
  • You did not follow the doctor’s instructions on breaking in your orthotics

Before you assume that orthotics are not for you, check those four things and if any apply, make the correction, and give your orthotics another chance.  Your foot comfort could be just a step or two away! Call (717) 263-8919 for your custom treatment in Chambersburg, PA.

How do I get rid of the pain in my heel?

aching feet

Why does your heel hurt when you walk?            

Combined between your ankle and foot are 26 bones, 33 joints, and over 100 tendons. Within that, the largest bone is the heel. One of the worst things you can experience when walking is heel pain. Every step you take requires putting your weight on one heel then the other. The pain my be like sharp needles sticking your heel or may be a crush pressure with your weight with each step. 

If you have been suffering with heel pain for months, or even years, it is likely because of plantar fasciitis. The common complaint describing this foot injury is a stabbing pain near the heel at the bottom of the foot.  What is plantar fascia? 

The plantar fascia is a deep tissues located between the heel bone and toes and is a deformation that tissue. It causes inflammation, irritation, and heel pain. This tissue can be damaged by overusing it, usually related to sports, abnormal foot mechanics, or improper footwear. Other factors that have been known to contribute to plantar fasciitis include:

  • Age: Between the 30 years old and 60 years old.
  • Obesity: Overweight puts stress on the entire body, and especially the plantar fascia.
  • Extended standing: Extended periods of standing over the years on hard surface can damage this tissue. 

What causes constant pain in heel of foot?

Plantar fascia isn’t the only cause of constant heel pain. You may experience heel pain without injury, or your heel pain is a symptom of these issues:  

  • Sprains and strains. This are typically the result of physical activity that can be a minor injury or worse. 
  • Fracture. This is usually an immediate, insufferable pain that requires immediate medical attention.  
  • Achilles tendonitis. When the tendon that runs between the calf muscles to the heel. When overused, it becomes inflamed and painful.
  • Bursitis. There are sacs around the joints of your feet, when they become filled with fluid, this is bursitis and is painful.
  • Osteochondroses. A common problem in children and adolescents.  

Is walking good for heel pain?

No, while heel pain will usually go away on its own, using some home remedy methods. If your heel pain severe, rest is the best treatment. Avoiding activities that puts stress on the heels like running, standing, and walking for long periods on hard surfaces. 

What is the natural remedy for heel pain?

Yes, and definitely worth trying, but again, when your foot or heel pain is severe, seeking medical care is recommended.  Some home remedies you can try to relieve any foot or heel pain are: 

A Contrast Bath:

Fill one bucket with hot water up to a comfortable level. Fill a second bucket with cold water and ice. Submerge your feet in the hot water bucket for three minutes and then immediately move to the cold water bucket for one minute. Repeat the process for fifteen minutes twice a day. 

A Ball Massage:

Place a tennis ball under your heel and roll the ball. As you roll the ball, move it between the ball and heel of your foot.  

A Bottle Rolling:

Take a freezing water bottle. Keep it under the foot. Roll the affected area over it. Continue this for 15 minutes twice a day.

A Hot Fomentation:

Soak your feet in hot water with Epsom salt in the water. 

A Foot Massage:

For many people, a foot massage is one of the best natural treatments. Applying pressure on to the heel with knuckles or thumbs while extending the ball of the foot.  Other things that can help are foot packs made of hot linseed oil soaked rag and wrap around both feet. You can also try walking on your toes when you first get up.

Self-Stretching Techniques:

Stretch the calf muscles by wrapping a towel around the arch while in a sitting position. Hold the towel edge and pull your feet towards your face, holding for 15 seconds. Repeat this process five time. 

Stretch your planta fascia by sitting on the floor with your knees bent and toes bent upward as you lower your buttock so that you’re stretching your foot arch. Hold that position for thirty seconds and repeat the process ten times. 

Heel Insoles:

Proper foot attire is recommended for anyone having foot or heel pain. Wearing soft comfortable shoes and not hard sole slippers. Adding silicon based insoles for external like full-length insoles to help avoid putting pressure on the base of your toes.  

A Medial Arch Support:

For a flat foot, using a medial arch will compensate and correct the flat foot, releasing the pressure from your foot and ease your heel pain.

walking after heel pain

When should you see a doctor for heel pain?

When you’ve tried all the recommendations above and you’re still experiencing heel pain and swelling, especially if the heal pain is severe with swelling, you should seek professional medical attention.  Other indications that your heel pain needs medical attention: 

  • Foot can’t bend downward
  • Unable to stand on toes
  • Unable to walk normally
  • Heel pain with fever or numbness, tingling

Anytime you have foot or heel pain that lasts an extended period of time, medical attention should be sought. Sometimes, foot or heel pain is from other areas of the body like the back. Ignoring these pains will only allow them to continue and increase, possibly start causing other problems. Need treatment or orthotics for your heel pain in Chambersburg, PA? Call (717) 263-8919 today!

Can Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Go Away On Its Own?

carpal tunnel syndrome

Can Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Go Away On Its Own?

Are you hoping that carpal tunnel syndrome will vanish away on its own? According to some experts, if carpal tunnel syndrome is mild and is caught early, it can go away on its own provided that you are engaging in strict rest. However, if your carpal tunnel is not treated properly, you can have the aftereffects of permanent nerve and muscle damage. Carpal tunnel treatment is absolutely a vital decision to make if you are experiencing the effects of carpal tunnel. 

What is the Best Treatment for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

Are you wondering what the best treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome is? If so, you are not alone. Many people who suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome desire answers. As previously alluded to, if you are able to catch the carpal tunnel problems in enough time, you have the ability to minimize the damage. Strict rest is absolutely appropriate. Going a doctor is another appropriate step forward. Your doctor will ask you questions pertaining to how the carpal tunnel originated and your history of symptoms. Based upon the current condition of your carpal tunnel, a specifically designed method of treatment will be introduced.

What Causes Carpal Tunnel to Flare Up?

Is your carpal tunnel flaring up? Do you want to understand why this is happening? According to leading medical experts, anything that squeezes or irritates the median nerve in the area where you are experiencing carpal tunnel will lead to the indicated syndrome. Additionally, a wrist fracture will narrow the carpal tunnel and irritate the nerve. If you have swelling and inflammation, then it could be caused by rheumatoid arthritis. Inevitably, there are many sources or factors contributing to why you have developed carpal tunnel syndrome. 

What Will Happen if Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is Not Treated?

No one likes to be in pain. That is why it is urgen for you to seek help whenever you are experiencing inexplicable pain or irritation. In the worst case scenario, if your carpal tunnel syndrom is left untreated, it will lead to weakness and lack of coordination in your fingers and thumb. When you do seek treatment, effective treatment will relieve pressure on the nerves and for many people will eliminate the symptoms of their carpal tunnel. 

How Do I Stop My Hands from Going Numb When I Sleep?

Are your hands going numb when you go to sleep at night? If so, please review the following list of ways you can prevent this occurrence in your bedroom.

  • Sleep with your arms at your sides instead of above your head.
  • Avoid folding your arms under your pillow while you sleep.
  • You can improve circulation while you are sleeping by sleeping on your left side. This is because sleeping on your right side can reduce the blood flow by constricting the essels through which your blood returns to your heart.

In order to receive a more streamlined review of what you can do to improve your body’s blood circulation, please make sure to see a certified expert who handles carpal tunnel syndrome.

Can Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Treatment

There are many different questions that arise when one is seeking treatment. Can carpal tunnel syndrome go away on its own? How long does carpal tunnel syndrome last? Each of these questions is relevant and worthy of being answered. In the case of the latter question, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine, the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome can last six months or longer with no relief.

Can Carpal Tunnel Be Treated Without Surgery

If it is at all possible, you will naturally want to avoid having surgery for your carpal tunnel. If the carpal tunnel is mild and is caught early enough, then it will go away on its own with enough rest. The best thing for you to do if you suspect that you have carpal tunnel is to seek a doctor’s expert advice. That way you can resolve problems before they start.

Can Carpal Tunnel Be Treated With Acupuncture

Are you wondering whether or not your carpal tunnel can be treated with acupuncture? If so, you will be glad to find that researchers have concluded that acupuncture helped relieve pain for people who had carpal tunnel syndrome. Acupuncture is able to do this by “remapping” the brain.

carpal tunnel syndrome

Where Carpal Tunnel Pain

The median nerve in the wrist is responsible for the pain, tingling, and numbness that can happen when you have carpal tunnel syndrome. Occasionally, you will have shock-like sensations that radiate to the thumb and index, middle, and ring fingers. If you have pain or tingling, it may travel up the forearm toward the shoulder.

When you need dependable carpal tunnel treatment in Chambersburg, PA, please give us a call. Our office is available at __PHONE__ today.

How do I know if my back pain is serious?

sudden back pain while running

What is the most common reason for lower back pain?

Nothing can ruin a day more than having low back pain, especially low back pain for no reason. You can’t sit, stand, walk, or move in any direction that a physical reminder isn’t haunting you. At first, you think it will go away, and for the majority of is, it does, often to return again. Especially as you age, it returns more frequent and stays longer, until you find out what’s going on and get it fixed. 

There are many different low back pain causes, probably the most common of all causes is pulled muscles and/or a pulled ligament. These  mechanical issues and soft-tissue injuries contain damage to the compression of nerve roots, improper movement of the spinal joints, and intervertebral discs. 

We typically think of low back sprains or strains that happen suddenly. Truth is they can also develop over time slowly due to repetitive movements. The symptoms of the low back pain being a muscle or ligament can’t be determined by the symptoms because they are the same for both.  What is the difference between a sprain and a strain? 

  • Sprains happen from over-stretching, which tears and affects ligaments that connect the bones. 
  • Strains happen from stretching a muscle too far, causing it to tear and often damages the muscle.

These types of low back pain like these will heal naturally with proper care. Then there is chronic low back pain, a pain that last for three months and goes beyond the natural healing process. Chronic low back pain will involve a disc problem, joint problem, and/or an irritated nerve root. Determining the low back pain is a symptom of what is the first step in curing or easing the pain. Common causes for chronic low back pain includes:

  • Compression fracture
  • Deformity
  • Degenerative disc disease 
  • Facet joint dysfunction
  • Lumbar herniated disc
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Sacroiliac joint dysfunction
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Spondylolisthesis 
  • Trauma

The presence of these conditions is not necessarily the cause of low back pain being experienced. For example, degenerative disc or osteoarthritis may be visible in imaging, but the low back pain may not be something the person mentions. 

When should I be worried about lower back pain?

Annoying, unpleasant low back pain is something we all will experience some time in our lives. Your day can be quickly ruined with low back pain, but is it something that will go away in a day or two, or is it something to be concerned about?  

Often, low back pain can be an indication of your back’s overall condition, even the most minor low back pain could be an indication of something more serious. Waking up with back pain from sleeping in different position is usually nothing of concern, however, if either of these scenarios are in place, the low back pain is not something to be ignored: 

  • Numbness: If you feel numbness in the lower part of your body while sitting in a chair that touches the buttocks, groin, and lower could be an indication of a serious problem and should be looked at immediately. 
  • Accident: If you are in a vehicle accident or you have slipped and fell so that your spine was involved and you now have pain in that area, you need immediate medical attention. X-rays should be taken to determine the damage and to confirm if the spine is fractured. 

Is walking good for lower back pain?

Walking is an overlooked and yet  relatively easy exercise  that can relieve low back pain and prevent future outbursts. Two direct and specific benefits that a regular routine of walking can do for your low back pain are: 

  • Strengthens the muscles supporting the spine
  • Increases flexibility in the lower back

Walking also offer these additional health benefits

  • Increases blood flow
  • Flushes out toxins
  • Reduce weight and maintain optimal weight
  • Controls blood pressure
  • Improve total cholesterol levels
  • Decreases anxiety and depression
  • Reduces heart disease and dementia risks
  • Increase production of endorphin, a natural pain-inhibiting hormone
  • Decreases overall perception of pain 
back pain and getting into bed

How should I sleep with lower back pain?

Most back pain is caused by bad posture, awkward position while sleeping, lifestyle habits and the strain and stress that creates. Here are five recommended sleeping positions when suffering from low back pain: 

  • One: Sleep on side with pillow between the knees: Allow the left or right side to be in contact with mattress and position a pillow between the knees and a smaller pillow taking up any gap between the mattress and the waist. Switch sides each night to minimize muscle imbalance.
  • Two: Sleep in fetal position: With a herniated disc, sleeping in curled fetal position, knees tucked in to chest and switch which side each night to prevent muscle imbalance.  This opens the spaces between the vertebrae that the herniated disc has ushed out any cushion. 
  • Three: Sleep on stomach with pillow under the abdomen to relieve some pressure off the back. Use of pillow under head is a personal comfort decision. 
  • Four:  Sleep flat on back with pillow under knees to keep spine in neutral position as the pillow keeps the lower back curved. Added support can be provided with a rolled towel placed in the small of the back. 
  • Five: Sleep in reclined position on  back in will create an angled between the thighs and trunk, reducing pressure on the spine. 

What can I do to relieve my lower back pain?

Low back pain is painful beyond your imagination if you’ve never experienced it. Is can be debilitating and game changing for your entire life. The best medicine is to keep active and use stretching exercises to ease the pain and strengthen the back. Call __PHONE__ today for custom treatment for your back pain in Chambersburg, PA.

When Should I Wear a Brace and When Should I Wear Tape?

Knee brace in a weight room

What is medical tape used for?

Medical brace or medical tape – which is the best in what situation? Both are popular in the athletic industry, but they are both needed for other purposes too. To know when to wear medical tape vs brace, let’s discuss their differences first.

The primary benefit of medical tape is to bind an injury with a custom fit to the person’s body. Medical tape also comes in different strengths to provide the right amount of support for various degrees of injury severities. What is the purpose of medical tape instead of going right for the permanent solution? Using medical tape is typically a short-term solution for what may be a long-term problem or to give reinforcement for a previous injury that may still be healing.

An athletic brace is used for longer lasting injuries, typically sports injuries. A brace is often made of a typical type of medical bandage material, the better grade of brace will have a solid piece of polymer that immobilizes the injury. While a brace gives the injured joint support, it is not allowing that joint or the muscles surrounding it, the opportunity to strengthen like medical tape.

Does medical tape stick to skin?

Medical tape is specifically designed to be used on the skin to hold bandages over wounds or first aid or medical appliances in place, such as an IV. Medical tape needs to be easy to use but safe for the patient’s skin and strong enough to stay in place while the patient bends and moves, dry or wet. 

There are three jobs that medical tape provides: 

  • Initial stick
  • Increase adhesion
  • Remain intact

The initial stick doesn’t keep the medical tape in place, that requires applied pressure to improve the medical tape’s adhesion. For medica tape to stay intact, the emollients and oils on the patient’s skin need to be minimized or removed before the medical tape will effectively stick. This often requires an adhesive remover or lotion to remove the tape when needed for bandage change or removal. 

How long does medical tape last?

For the best effect, medical tape should be applied  by an experienced professional, like an athletic trainer, doctor, or  physical therapist. No two injuries are alike and even the most dedicate athlete cannot apply medical tape on theirs or anyone else’s injury with the same expertise as those mentioned. Apply medical tape to an injury incorrectly can often make the injury worse, even though the athlete is able to return to the game. 

When medical tape is applied correctly during a game or practice, the player’s movements and sweat will weaken the support of the tape in about thirty minutes. When medical tape is applied incorrectly, it may weaken and even fall off within a few seconds. 

What is the best medical tape?

Medical tape is handy for manty types of situations, and it would be ideal to have one for every different types of medical situation possible. However, there isn’t a doctor therapist, or trainer that has the capacity to carry one or more of every medical tape that is available. So, they must carry the one, maybe two, that servers their uses the best.

The one-size-fits-all approach is typical when putting together a portable first aid kit. It conserves the valuable space and weight and ideal for most applications and needs.  A non-woven cloth medical tape is ranks high for initial and long-term adhesion on dry skin, and mid-ranked for adhesion to damp skin. It breathes, stretches, and is water resistant, making this the most commonly used and popular medical tape.

Why use medical tape? 

Proper placement of medical tape is integral for proper wound care. There are different types of medical tape and there are different benefits of using medical tape. To answer this question, we’re going to use clear medical tape as our example because it can be used for emergencies or general skin care. 

  • Great for general medical needs like scraped knees
  • Hypoallergenic to eliminate or minimize skin irritation
  • Breathable, Waterproof
  • Transparency allows the wound to be viewed without removing the bandage
  • Holds the bandage in place so that wound heals better and faster
knee with medical tape

What If You Don’t Have Any Medical Tape? 

What can you use instead of medical tape? There are times we can be caught unprepared to handle wound care, and that means, we don’t always have medical tape nearby. So, what can use instead? For an open wound, use any type of clean cloth, if possible, boil or wash it first at 90C or go over with a hot iron.  If the cloth will tear, create strips the size of an ordinary bandage and then use duct tape, masking tape, or any type of tape to hold the makeshift bandage in place. Need help with medical taping for your body’s needs? Call __PHONE__ today.

Can Carpal Tunnel be Treated Without Surgery?

pain in wrist

Dealing with the pain

Carpal Tunnel treatment” are three words that we have heard more about in the past 20 years, and you may wonder what is that where is that, and why all the attention to it now? Well, the carpal tunnel is in the wrist. We all have one; it is part of our anatomy. There is a median nerve running through our arm and forearm. It goes through the carpal tunnel to the wrist and on to our hands. The median nerve is what gives our index, middle, ring, and thumb feeling and controls the muscles at the base of our thumb. 

Most of us have heard the term “carpal tunnel syndrome,” and many of us either know somebody that has had Carpal tunnel treatment to fix it, or we have it ourselves. Still, there are a lot of us that may ask “What is carpal tunnel syndrome?”, and we offer the following description: 

When the median nerve that runs through our arms and to the wrist becomes compressed, it creates a traffic jam of sorts in that Carpal Tunnel. Thus, “carpal tunnel syndrome” is formed.  That tunnel becomes narrow as the bones and ligaments pinch the nerve on the palm. Numbness with tingling in the hand and arm, making them weak results.

So, what causes carpal tunnel, and does Carpal tunnel treatment truly fix this condition? For some of us, it is the anatomy of the wrist. For others, it is other health problems we have, for instance: 

  • Diabetes
  • Kidney Failure
  • Lymphedema
  • Menopause
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Thyroid Disorders

To determine What triggers carpal tunnel?, let’s look at the most common activity among those who seek and receive Carpal tunnel treatment is repetitive hand motions, such as typing. Note the word “typing” and think about the past 20 years where computers have become not only the “norm” but a standard way of living now. The human body wasn’t designed to sit at a desk on a computer. 

How do you know if your carpal tunnel is severe?

When you have developed carpal tunnel syndrome, you’ll have some discomfort from time to time that you learn to live with but can go on about your day. Some days, your hands are weaker than others. You may drop things more frequently.  As it becomes more severe, though, you may need to have a doctor examine you and see if any damage has happened, that may indicate you need Carpal tunnel treatment. 

Over time, the muscles could shrink in your hand(s), they’ll begin cramping more, and the pain will become worse. The function of the median nerve starts to slow down from the irritation and pressure around it. Carpal tunnel syndrome gets to a point for some people, they lose function of their hand, the nerve impulses slow down, they lose coordination, feeling, and strength in their fingers, hand, and especially the thumb. At this point, Carpal tunnel treatment may not be an option anymore if you want to be able to dress, feed, and do other bodily functions yourself. 

How do you fix carpal tunnel syndrome without surgery? 

Do medical experts know how to fix carpal tunnel syndrome? Yes, there have been advances and discoveries in Carpal tunnel treatment with and without surgery. Like many other health issues in our lives today, carpal tunnel syndrome can be corrected with lifestyle changes, if diagnosed early, meaning the symptoms have not become severe.  

Some non-surgical options and Carpal tunnel treatments vs surgery may include:

  • Improve and avoid positions that overextend your wrist.
  • Wear a wrist splint at night that holds your hand in a neutral position as you sleep.
  • Take OTC or prescribed medication that reduces inflammation. Sometimes, doctors may prescribe steroid injections.
  • Treat other health conditions that contribute to carpal tunnel swelling like gout, kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, or thyroid disease.

Other Carpal tunnel treatment includes alternative therapies that have helped others are hand therapy and yoga. The hand and wrist muscles are weak and will get smaller because the median nerve is pinched. You can change habits that have caused the syndrome, and it can take six months or longer for the symptoms to subside. If they are persistent, surgery may be the only option to get total relief. 

How long does it take for carpal tunnel to heal?

As we mentioned above, sometimes, surgery is needed for a Carpal tunnel treatment to get complete relief. If surgery is recommended, it will involve cutting the ligament that is pressing on the median nerve in your carpal tunnel (remember, we all have one in both arms. Normal use of the wrist returns within a few weeks, some people it may take a few months.

Successful Carpal tunnel treatment and surgery will include the being regimented doing the exercises for fingers, hand, and wrist as instructed by the doctor. Otherwise, the wrist will stiffen, and you could lose the use of that hand. 

chiropractor assessing wrist for treatment

Getting A Grip On Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Can carpal tunnel be cured naturally? There are home remedies that can relieve the pain of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

  • Rest the affected hand and wrist for two weeks
  • Use anti-vibration products with vibrating tools
  • Wear a wrist brace or splint that allows the median nerve to rest
  • Gentle exercise of the fingers, hand, and wrist
  • Massage back of the hand, the wrists, and palms
  • Wear work gloves for hand and wrist protection
  • Apply heat to the wrist to ease pain
  • Wear an ice pack on hands and wrist to lessen swelling

Relieving pain can be easy with a custom treatment plan set up for you. Call __PHONE__ today!

What is the Purpose of Electrical Stimulation?

chiropractic electrical stimulation

Is Electrical Muscle Stimulation Dangerous?

For those that have had injuries, were born with a certain condition, or are recovering from an accident then there has likely been some talk of electrical stimulation. Electrical stimulation, or E-stim, may seem like something out of fiction but is actually a form of physical therapy. The method uses electrical pulses admitted through the skin to assist in the healing of muscles and nerves. E-stim can help in the process of making the body more fit, being advertised to benefit those working on physical fitness and personal appearance. 

Upon knowing this, those unfamiliar may be hesitant to consider it as an option. Whether for physical therapy or for assistance in fitness and appearance, you should reference your doctor before making a choice for electric stimulation. When done correctly, most of the time being under the supervision of a medical professional, individuals will see amazing results. At the same time, when a person knows nothing about the machine and opts to do it themselves, it can have risky results. While most products that provide electrical stimulation have safety measures, it should be stressed that one should be diligent in researching the product and have a conversation about it with their doctor. Madeira Chiropractic & Rehabilitation houses a team of certified professionals that understand how to electrical stimulation as a therapy. In Chambersburg, PA you should call us at __PHONE__ to schedule a consultation about electrical stimulation and what good it could do for you.

What are the Benefits of Electrical Muscle Stimulation?

Those that have experienced electrical stimulation tend to see an improved restoration to their muscles that are either having trouble contracting or have been torn to some degree. Upon undergoing the form of therapy, recipients tend to receive an advanced form of recovery with benefits including:

  • Muscular blood flow stimulation 
  • Lesser if not neutralized muscle pain
  • Improved strength and muscle use
  • Range of motion increases over time
  • Counteract atrophy 
  • Tendons and muscle structure healed if not improved

Whether it’s through physical therapy appointments or personal use, electrical stimulation when used 20 to 60 minutes at every session will deliver grand results. It should be noted at this point however that one should seek out strict instructions from their doctor or physical therapist before undergoing such a treatment. A person can personally use the therapy one to three times per day. Doctors also agree that a person should not do more than 60 minutes on a given area or muscle so to expressly avoid muscle fatigue. Muscle fatigue is also possible in electrical stimulation when either turning up the electrical current too high. This can also occur when turning up the frequency or pulse duration to an extent that muscles are not inclined to deal with.

What are the Side Effects of Electrical Stimulation?

Electrical therapy can be highly beneficial to the human body, but at the same time when done improperly or without proper oversight, it can lead to unfortunate results. As previously mentioned, muscle fatigue can be a side effect whether it’s done correctly or incorrectly depending on the issue. This is because electric therapy is used for both injuries and muscle development, for the former you may feel discomfort on the road to recovery while results on muscle development differ depending on the person. During treatments, some patients do detail feeling: 

  • Pain
  • Muscle spasms
  • dizziness
  • Headaches 
  • Discomfort

Again, these side effects can occur when an injured person undergoes the treatment. On occasion, electrical stimulation will initially cause these side effects because it is the first time a person is moving their muscle since before an accident of some kind. An interesting side effect of E-stim is that a person will burn calories during the treatment. That is not to say that there will be any difference if only the therapy is considered, but combined with regular exercise and healthy dieting, a person can appear and feel much healthier.

electrical stimulatoin

Do Electronic Muscle Stimulators Really Work?

Depending on what you use electrical stimulation for, it can be highly effective for you or only result in a minor discomfort with little effect. It should be absolutely mentioned that while there is massive popularity about the use of electrical stimulation in exercise, the FDA has not confirmed any such product or method that will benefit a person when they use it for personal health purposes. This means that when using it to look or feel better and not for an injury, there is not a current government ruling on whether it will even be effective. With that said, however, there is countless examples of the therapy being effective when it comes to those that are healing from injuries. Whether someone had broken a bone, torn a muscle, went through surgery, or otherwise, then they tend to lean on electrical stimulation to assist in the healing process. Madeira Chiropractic & Rehabilitation in Chambersburg, PA can guarantee that when you come to us for such a therapy that you will understand entirely what’s going on when it is applied. Call __PHONE__ today to schedule your appointment.